Summary[ edit ] Dorian Gray is the subject of a full-length portrait in oil by Basil Hallward, an artist who is impressed and infatuated by Dorian's beauty ; he believes that Dorian's beauty is responsible for the new mood in his art as a painter.
Wilde's mother had distant Italian ancestry,  and under the pseudonym "Speranza" the Italian word for 'hope'wrote poetry for the revolutionary Young Irelanders in ; she was a lifelong Irish nationalist.
A renowned philanthropist, his dispensary for the care of the city's poor at the rear of Trinity College, Dublinwas the forerunner of the Dublin Eye and Ear Hospital, now located at Adelaide Road.
On his mother's side Wilde's ancestors included a bricklayer from County Durham who emigrated to Ireland sometime in the s. When the church was closed, the records were moved to the nearby St. Ann's Church, Dawson Street. According to Fox's own testimony written by him years later in Donahoe's Magazine inJane Wilde would visit his chapel in Glencree, County Wicklow for Mass and would take her sons with her.
She then asked Father Fox to baptise her sons. After a few weeks I baptized these two children, Lady Wilde herself being present on the occasion.
Henry Wilson, born inand Emily and Mary Wilde, born in andrespectively, of different maternity to Henry. Sir William acknowledged paternity of his illegitimate children and provided for their education, but they were reared by his relatives rather than by his wife or with his legitimate children.
The Wildes' new home was larger and, with both his parents' sociality and success, it soon became a "unique medical and cultural milieu". Isola died aged nine of meningitis. Wilde's poem " Requiescat " is written to her memory. Trinity, one of the leading classical schools, placed him with scholars such as R.
Mahaffy who inspired his interest in Greek literature. He presented a paper titled "Aesthetic Morality". Magdalen College, Oxford[ edit ] At Magdalen, he read Greats from toand from there he applied to join the Oxford Unionbut failed to be elected.
Neither his father, who threatened to cut off his funds, nor Mahaffy thought much of the plan; but mostly Wilde, the supreme individualist, balked at the last minute from pledging himself to any formal creed.
On the appointed day of his baptism, Father Bowden received a bunch of altar lilies instead. Wilde retained a lifelong interest in Catholic theology and liturgy. He wore his hair long, openly scorned "manly" sports though he occasionally boxed,  and decorated his rooms with peacock feathers, lilies, sunflowers, blue china and other objets d'art, once remarking to friends whom he entertained lavishly, "I find it harder and harder every day to live up to my blue china.
This attitude resulted in his being rusticated for one term, when he nonchalantly returned to college late from a trip to Greece with Prof. Pater gave Wilde his sense of almost flippant devotion to art, though it was John Ruskin who gave him a purpose for it.
Ruskin admired beauty, but believed it must be allied with, and applied to, moral good. When Wilde eagerly attended Ruskin's lecture series The Aesthetic and Mathematic Schools of Art in Florence, he learned about aesthetics as simply the non-mathematical elements of painting. Despite being given to neither early rising nor manual labour, Wilde volunteered for Ruskin's project to convert a swampy country lane into a smart road neatly edged with flowers.
Sheppard of the Original Christy Minstrels made it famous and other performers sang it for decades afterwards. She became engaged to Bram Stoker and they married in He had been publishing lyrics and poems in magazines since entering Trinity College, especially in Kottabos and the Dublin University Magazine.
In mid, at 27 years old, Poems collected, revised and expanded his poetic efforts. It was bound in a rich, enamel, parchment cover embossed with gilt blossom and printed on hand-made Dutch paper; Wilde presented many copies to the dignitaries and writers who received him over the next few years.
The librarian, who had requested the book for the library, returned the presentation copy to Wilde with a note of apology.
Richard D'Oyly Cartean English impresario, invited Wilde to make a lecture tour of North America, simultaneously priming the pump for the US tour of Patience and selling this most charming aesthete to the American public. Wilde journeyed on the SS Arizonaarriving 2 Januaryand disembarking the following day.
When asked to explain reports that he had paraded down Piccadilly in London carrying a lily, long hair flowing, Wilde replied, "It's not whether I did it or not that's important, but whether people believed I did it". Higginsona cleric and abolitionist, wrote in "Unmanly Manhood" of his general concern that Wilde, "whose only distinction is that he has written a thin volume of very mediocre verse", would improperly influence the behaviour of men and women.
While there he met Robert Sherardwhom he entertained constantly.Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October – 30 November ) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early s.
The Fallacies of Moralism and Moral Aestheticism (after Friedrich Schiller, Leonard Nelson, Camille Paglia, & Robert Hughes) The Fallacy of Moralism.
Oscar Wilde's preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray consists of a list of Wilde's aphorisms that deal directly with art, artists, critics, and audience but only obliquely with the novel. They speak to the importance of beauty espoused by the Aesthetic movement.
A summary of Themes in Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Picture of Dorian Gray and what it means.
The aestheticism movement, of which Wilde was a major proponent, sought to free art from this responsibility. Dorian Gray: Character Analysis CHARACTERS. Aestheticism in The Picture of Dorian Gray Essay; Aestheticism in The Picture of Dorian Gray Essay.
Words 10 Pages. Abstract Aestheticism in Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray Words | 9 Pages. expression, but also one of social advancement. With this idea at its forefront, art suddenly inundated places where art was never.
Satire in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest - Satire in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest The Importance of Being Earnest is a comedy of manners, whereby Oscar Wilde uses satire to ridicule marriage, love and the mentality of the Victorian aristocratic society.