Definition, Features, Benefits, Disadvantages and Problems! It was Max Webber who propounded the bureaucratic theory of organisation and management. Bureaucracy is an administrative system designed to accomplish large-scale administrative tasks by systematically coordinating the work of many individuals.
Weber has observed three types of power in organisations: He has emphasised that bureaucratic type of power is the ideal one. Weber has given a number of features of bureaucracy. Accordingly, following features suggest the characteristics of bureaucratic organisations.
Bureaucratic organisations generally have administrative class responsible for maintaining coordinative activities of the members. Main features of his class are as follows: The basic feature of bureaucratic organisation is that there is hierarchy of positions in the organisation. Hierarchy is a system of ranking various positions in descending scale from top to bottom of the organisation.
In bureaucratic organisation, offices also follow the principle of hierarchy that is each lower office is subject to control and supervision by higher office. Thus, no office is left uncontrolled in the organisation.
This is the fundamental concept of hierarchy in bureaucratic organisation. This hierarchy serves as lines of communication and delegation of authority. It implies that communication coming down or going up must pass through each position.
Similarly, a subordinate will get authority from his immediate superior. However, this hierarchy is net unitary but sub-pyramids of officials within the large organisation corresponding etc.
Thus, there are offices with the same amount of authority but with different kinds of functions operating in different areas of competence. For example, the Government organisations, we can observe separate offices looking after particular functions.
This happens in business organisations too. Work of the organisation is divided on the basis of specialisation to take the advantages of division of labour. Each office in the bureaucratic organisation has specific sphere of competence.
Thus, division of labour try to ensure that each office has a clearly-defined area of competence within the organisation and each official knows the areas in which he operates and the areas in which he must abstain from action so that he does not overstep the boundary between his role and those of others.
Further, division of labour also tries to ensure that no work is left uncovered. A basic and most emphasised feature of bureaucratic organisation is that administrative process is continuous and governed by official rules.
Bureaucratic organisation is the antithesis of ad hoc, temporary, and temporary and unstable relations. A rational approach to organisation calls for a system of maintaining rules to ensure twin requirements of uniformity and coordination of efforts by individual members in the organisation.
These rules are more or less stable and more or less exhaustive. When there is no rule on any aspect of organisational operation, the matter is referred upward for decision which subsequently becomes precedent for future decision on the similar matter.
Rules provide the benefits of stability, continuity, and predictability and each official knows precisely the outcome of his behaviour in a particular matter. A notable feature of bureaucracy is that relationships among individuals are governed through the system of official authority and rules.
Official positions are free from personal involvement, emotions and sentiments. Thus, decisions are governed by rational factors rather than personal factors.
This impersonality concept is used in dealing with organisational relations as well as relations between the organisation and outsiders. Bureaucratic organisation is characterised by maintenance of proper official records.
The decisions and activities of the organisation are formally recorded and preserved for future reference. This is made possible by extensive use of filling system in the organisation. An official record is almost regarded as encyclopedia of various activities performed by the people in the organisation.
The following are the advantages of Bureaucracy: The rules and procedures are decided for every work it leads to, consistency in employee behaviour.Critically Evaluate Weber’s Understanding of Bureaucracy Essay Sample. If recently asked what had been the most important event along with the industrial revolution during 18th and 19th centuries, people in the west should immediately replied; that is the emergence of bureaucracy of which Marx Weber had been known as the father.
CRITICALLY EVALUATE THE APPLICATION MANAGEMENT THEORIES TO A CONTEMPORARY ORGANIZATION: A case study based on the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Based on Weber’s conceptualization.
|Critically Evaluate Weber's Understanding of Bureaucracy | Essay Example||Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. According to Weber, bureaucracy is characterized by division of labor in which, bureaucratic organization is divided into different parts such as departments, sections, and positions; by hierarchy of authority where the higher the position, the higher authority it holds, and the chain of authority descends to the bottom; by written rules and regulations, impersonality expertise, and full-time salaried officers.|
|Weber’s Bureaucracy: Definition, Features, Benefits, Disadvantages and Problems||After reading you will understand the basics of bureaucratic management and you can use this as a powerful management tool.|
|Bureaucracy definition: what is bureaucracy?||
|Critically Evaluate Weber's Understanding of Bureaucracy | Essay Example||
Specialization is specifically required for the execution of job functions as opposed to the person undertaking the job. hierarchy.
Max Weber’s work about bureaucracy, translated into English in , was one of the major contributions that has influenced the literature of public administration. However, Van Riper () argues that the work of Weber on bureaucracy has no influence on American PA until the ’s.
Max Weber a German sociologist propounded the theory called principle of bureaucracy – a theory related to authority structure and relations in the 19 th century.
According to him, bureaucracy is the formal system of organization and administration designed to ensure efficiency and effectiveness.
Max Weber’s work about bureaucracy, translated into English in , was one of the major contributions that has influenced the literature of public administration. However, Van Riper () argues that the work of Weber on bureaucracy has no influence on American PA until the ’s. Apr 18, · According to the bureaucratic theory of Max Weber, bureaucracy is the basis for the systematic formation of any organisation and is designed to ensure efficiency and economic effectiveness.
It is an ideal model for management and its administration to bring an organisation’s power structure into yunusemremert.coms: