Alfred Binet was convinced to conduct research into graphology from to He called it "the science of the future" despite rejection of his results by graphologists. His major contribution to the field can be found in Handschrift und Charakter. Zubin modified Klage's ideas, based upon their experience working for the U.
ZONES We will divide the individual letters into three zones to better understand how the writer makes specific use of their mind UZtheir emotions MZ and the physical elements in their environment LZ. In the English alphabet, which is also used for most European languages, including French, German and Italian, a part of every letter is found in the middle zone.
The upper zone has six bizonal letters: The lower zone has six bizonal letters: The middle zone has thirteen single zone letters, the five vowels, a.
The letter "f" is the only trizonal letter in the alphabet. Wherever you find extra emphasis of size, embellishment, width, simplicity, force or meagerness, this is the zone the writer is expressing most strongly at that moment of writing.
This is why we need more than one sample of writing for a full, in-depth analysis; it eliminates a "mood-of-the-moment" interpretation. Examples and what to look for are in the Handwriting Insights deck.
Connections In American schools, writing is usually first learned by using the manuscript printed form. As the writer matures he learns the more sophisticated method of joining letter forms called cursive writing.
The four most common connective forms are garlands, arcades, angles and thread. You will learn to recognize each type of form and how to interpret its use within the writing.
None of us uses one connective exclusively. One form usually dominates and an another is secondary. The other two forms of connectives may also be present to a lesser degree. Combinations of writing form reveal the personality in each writing, but only in part. You still must take into consideration the arrangement of the writing and the symbolism of margins, zones, spacing and slant.
The most common form of connective between letters is the cup shape of the garland, curved at the bottom and open at the top. It can be found in all three zones, between letters, within letters, even at the beginnings and endings of words. The garland is a soft, easily stroked connective depicting the writer who is receptive, compliant and easy going.
He may be warm and sympathetic, empathetic and sentimental. He is open and responsive to the people and the environment around him. The writer who uses many garlands is often said to be "people oriented".
He feels before he thinks. The arcade, or inverted garland, is shaped like an arch, curved on top and open at the bottom. M's, n,s and h's are the most obvious arcade formations in the alphabet.
You may also find arcades between letters especially in the connection between o, v and w and the letter which follows them. Usually mixed with other connectives, the arcade is used by the creative personality. This writer is a constructive thinker, one who deliberates before making up his mind.Handwriting examination reveals more about the writer, than just the words on paper or how letters are formed.
A close examination of the actual line quality, can reveal information about the physical and mental health of the writer as well as writing habits unique to an individual. Partial results of handwriting analysis in Lindbergh kidnapping case Photo courtesy FBI Analyzing handwriting is a long, careful process that takes a lot of time and, under ideal circumstances, a lot of comparison samples, or exemplars - .
When I was in high school and college, I had a small book about handwriting analysis and learned about it. Later on I lost that book and began my search here on Amazon for a new handwriting book. A signature comparison is the identification of signatures and involves a combination of line quality and letter design.
The line quality is the appearance of the written stroke, caused by basic movements and the manner of manipulating the writing instrument. Start studying Handwriting Analysis. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Line Quality in the Examination of Handwriting Handwriting examination reveals more about the writer, than just the words on paper or how letters are formed.
A close examination of the actual line quality, can reveal information about the physical and mental health of the writer as well as writing habits unique to an individual writer.